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A Step-by-Step Guide to Using PnL Calculators Like a Pro

Cryptocurrency investments are high-risk endeavors that need vigilant management. Profitability requires constant vigilance over revenue and expenditures. A Bitcoin profit tracker comes in handy at this point. This Tokenhell tutorial will explain Profit and Loss (PnL) and how to use a profit tracker to determine it. Get ready to take charge of your finances and boost your returns.

What is Profit and Loss (PnL)?

The phrase “profit and loss” (PnL) is used in the financial industry to describe the results of a business transaction. It is the sum of one’s initial investment plus one’s earnings. A profit is made if the selling price is higher than the investment; if it is lower, a loss is sustained. Realized and unrealized PnL are subcategories of PnL. It’s a must-have indicator for figuring out how well assets are doing.

Understanding Unrealized PnL


Investment liquidity is vulnerable to changes in market value. The prospective profits and losses can only be determined by factoring in the unrealized PnL. Investors depend on price markings as a means of quality control. Making educated choices requires keeping abreast of market trends and understanding the significance of PnL.

Realizing PnL

Your trading position’s entry and closing prices are the primary factors determining your realized profit or loss (PnL). Profit and loss from closed locations, as opposed to the marked price on the market, determines realized PnL. Unlike the status of the market, it is only affected by actual order prices. As a result, if you want an accurate calculation of your realized PnL, you must consider these factors.

PnL Calculation

The nature of the underlying contract impacts how realized and unrealized gains are calculated. Markdowns may be calculated using either the original sell rate minus the marking price or the initial buy rate minus the marking price.

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The asset’s current market rate, rather than its closing rate, must be used to compute unrealized PnL. This live indicator instantly displays the possible profit or loss from closing an open trade. This implies that the value is calculated using current market rates and does not consider currency conversion expenses. Therefore, your PnL is only realized once the trading position is closed. The PnL is achieved after the transaction is finalized.

Spot Trading and PnL

You must purchase and sell tokens at the same prices to make money in spot trading. Traders who adopt the “spot” approach instead of “holding” can achieve consistent short-term profits. Spot traders actively buy tokens for trading rather than merely monitor cryptocurrency prices.

Spot trading profit and loss are calculated by taking the difference between the buy and sell prices and multiplying it by the total amount of tokens purchased. The unrealized PnL would be ($40,000 – $30,000) * 10 = $100,000 if you bought ten bitcoins for $30,000 and sold them for $40,000.

Depreciation factors, such as exchange fees, must be subtracted from the transaction value to calculate realized PnL. In the end, the net amount depends on the closing price of the trade and the commissions paid.

Margin Trading and PnL

Margin trading involves using borrowed money to leverage potentially significant gains. Making the most money possible requires a thorough understanding of interest rates and costs. Margin trading allows you to trade more tokens than you own, increasing your trading volume and potential profits or losses.

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Futures Trading and PnL

Futures trading uses individualized smart contracts to mitigate market risk and profit from price fluctuations. Losses might be substantial if prices go in the wrong direction. Profit and loss (PnL) for long positions is computed by multiplying the Futures marking price by the position size and subtracting the original buy rate. The formula for short positions is the Future initial selling rate minus futures honoring price times the amount of the temporary work.


With additional resources like charts and pricing lists, profit and loss calculators constitute a formidable mix necessary for future investment choices. These resources provide the ideal toolset for investors in the ever-changing world of cryptocurrencies, allowing them to make educated choices and successfully limit risks.

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Curtis Dye

Curtis is a cryptocurrency news and analytics author with a focus on DeFi, BLockchain, CeFi, NFTs etc. He has publication skills such as SEO optimization, Wordpress, Surfer tools and aids his viewers with insights on the volatile crypto industry.

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