What Is the Bitcoin Fear And Greed Index? How Does It Work?

There is no disputing that cryptocurrency has seized the psyche and passion of the finance industry in the last few years. The influence of cryptocurrencies has skyrocketed in recent years, to the point where the term “crypto” was used about 6.6 million times on Reddit in 2021, making it a popular topic of the year 2021.

However, the extreme volatility and uncertainty of cryptocurrencies are intrinsically tied to their appeal in the cryptocurrency world. Crypto-related judgments turn out to be a consequence of impulse, greed, or fear instead of an impartial analysis of the currency market fundamentals, as they are largely influenced by investor moods, which are influenced by often fleeting market trends and public beliefs.

The price of bitcoin hit its highest value in November 2021 where it reached 68 thousand dollars. Where volatility is risky, it is intriguing too on the other hand. Many investors who are risk-takers flock into this industry to make a profit from the fluctuating prices. To predict markets feasibility Crypto Fear and Greed Index is used to determine whether it is the right time to invest or not.

We created the FGI to quantify two of the key emotions that drive traders in the industry and impact how much they are prepared to pay for equities, according to Investopedia. The index can be used to determine if the share market is competitively priced on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis.

This is founded on the concept that severe fear would cause stock prices to fall under their fair value, whereas extreme greed would have the reverse effect.

With our FFI we attempt to safeguard you from your psychological overreactions. The index examines and assesses Bitcoin as well as other large-cap cryptos’ emotions and sentiments from a variety of sources.

According to my, there are founded on 2 simple assumptions: When the marketplace is climbing, people become greedy, resulting in fear of missing out.  Also, seeing red numbers causes people to sell their coins irrationally. That is to state, many inexperienced investors tend to purchase high and sell low.

What Is the Crypto FGI Scale and How Does It Work?

The Crypto Fear and Greed Index ranges from zero to one hundred. A lower number suggests that the market is experiencing more fear, while a bigger score shows that greed is becoming more prevalent.

A score of 0 to 24 is considered extreme fear, but a number of 25 to 49 is considered fear. As you may guess, 50 is a rather neutral number. Greed is prevalent in the industry if the score is between 51 and 74, with a score above 75 indicating Extreme Greed.

When the Scale measures Extreme Fear, most traders sell, causing prices to fall, which might be a favorable time to buy – buying the dip.

When it comes to measuring Extreme Greed, FOMO might be a great way to earn by selling at the peak of the market.

However, it’s important to be wary about utilizing the Index to time the market, as many experienced investors advise.

Driving Factors Of Cryptocurrency Industry

Any form of market where trade takes place has three basic drivers. Whether it’s equities, commodities, rare metals, forex, or cryptocurrency, the following three factors have an impact on them all:

  • Technical

People make up markets, and humans are difficult to suppress. As each of us engages in individual asset purchasing, selling, and holding behaviors, bigger behavior patterns emerge on a larger scale that represents our collective actions. While nobody can really exactly anticipate future market fluctuations, these fundamental patterns can help make judgments about what’s likely to occur next, giving you a sensible plan of action with a high chance of success.

  • Fundamentals

The market’s shape and context are determined by the economic indicators in which it operates. The situation is fluid, and it might alter fast or gradually over time. Politics, conflicts, natural catastrophes, and economic variables like inflation, excessive government spending, rapid money printing, and more are just a few examples.

  • Sentiment
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People are not only animals of habit, but also of emotion. Few people, it is arguable, have the patience and willpower to purchase, sell, and retain in a market that is simply based on reasoning. People are prone to trust their “gut instincts” or emotions alone. Anyone who questions the importance of emotions in marketplaces and decision-making should remember John Maynard Keynes’ famous quote: “The marketplaces may remain crazy longer than you can stay solvent.”

Factors Affecting FGI

The Crypto FGI is modeled (loosely) on stock market FGI, and there are multiple factors regarding profit-taking vs the value of the purchase and keep.

Let’s take a step back and look at what the Crypto Fear & Greed Index actually measures. First and foremost, the Crypto FGI, despite its name, only analyzes Bitcoin, not the entire market.   Even when you’re not trading in BTC, Bitcoin tends to mirror the price and emotion of the wider cryptocurrency world, so it’s worth keeping an eye on. The Crypto FGI has 5 components.

Human nature is different and hard to understand, but fear and greed are the attributes that are prevalent overall in human nature. In the cryptocurrency world, the only motive of people is to make money. People don’t get into it for fame, or publicity, most of them remain undercover from media. They anticipate the market and formulate their decisions accordingly. When investors see that market is growing they tend to become more greedy and invest more in it, and when they think the market is dropping, they sell their assets in panic, this is the fear state.

To assess the success of Bitcoin, this index considers a variety of criteria such as social media presence, volatility, trends, and market momentum. On a scale from 0 to 100, it tells us whether present investors are overly greedy or too fearful.

  • Market Momentum

The other biggie is Market Momentum/Volume, which accounts for 25% of the index. This method compares BTC’s existing trade volume and momentum against 30 and 90 days averages, then adds the findings. This is often used as a term for excessive bullish sentiment or greed in trading.

Market momentum and ongoing trading index are monitored in the same way that volatility is. They’re measured by the average prices of the last thirty days and ninety days. If daily buying volume is large, this means traders are now greedy.

  • Volatility

Volatility makes up a quarter of the index. It calculates the current BTC value and compares it to the 30-day and 90-day average. This is used by the Index as a proxy for marketplace fear. Analyzers determine the present level of volatility. If existing volatility is large, it means traders are worried about it.

  • Social Media

Social media accounts for 15% of the FGI. This is mainly focusing on Bitcoin-related Twitter hashtags, with a focus on the amount and pace of interactions. Greedy market conduct is linked to a higher interaction rate.

All cryptocurrency-related tweets are collected and counted using this FGI index. Every post that is using a specific crypto-related term’s hashtag is noted. The specialists then look at the engagement on the post for a certain duration. The cryptocurrency was the hottest topic of the last year. There were millions of tweets and retweets on Twitter. This denotes a greedy trader. Only Twitter posts are currently used in the index. 

  • Dominance

When considering BTC’s share of the cryptocurrency market capacity, dominance receives a score of 10%. As Bitcoin’s popularity grows, assets are being withdrawn from more risky cryptocurrencies, based on the notion that Bitcoin is considered as “crypto’s safe place.” A drop in BTC dominance indicates an increase in greed, as evidenced by trading in riskier cryptocurrencies.

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Dominance refers to Bitcoin’s market capitalization relative to the overall cryptocurrency industry. If dominance is high, it means that traders are afraid to put money in risky cryptocurrencies. Although the Crypto FGI is not advanced enough, yet it can hint traders in forecasting market action to some level.

  • Trends

According to Google Trend statistics for different Bitcoin-related queries, trends account for 10% of the total. The search results for Bitcoin are analyzed. Their size, popularity, and trend are all tracked. On the basis of popular search searches, many predictions are made.

You’ll note that the total comes to 85 percent. The remainder of the Crypto FGI was originally based on polls, however, these have been suspended for a long time. It’s unclear how the other fractions will be impacted.

Crypto Fear & Greed Index (FAQ)

The crypto fear & greed index has gained a lot of traction among both newcomers and experienced investors. New investors, on the other hand, have a lot of queries about the crypto fear & greed index. Any investing research tool should be understood well, and to assist a few users, here are some responses to commonly asked questions regarding the FGI.

  1. How can you tell the difference between fear and greed in cryptocurrency?

Fear is sometimes identified as a hesitation to initiate a trade or prematurely close a profitable position. Greed is defined as putting more money into a profitable trade or over-leveraging to make more money from modest movements.

Fear is expressed on the graph when asset values reach extreme lows and volatility is high, whereas greed is shown when asset values reach extreme highs and volatility is substantial.

  • Is fear the cause of greed?

Fear and greed are two important emotions that drive the capital sector. Greed is most visible when asset values are rising, and most investors want to get in on the action and grow their investment capital for fear of missing out. When employing the crypto FGI the main rule of thumb is. “Be frightened when other traders are greedy, and greedy when other traders are frightened.”

  • Is FGI reliable?

The crypto FGI has historically been a dependable source of information. Psychological theories have indeed been able to track trader decisions and show the outcomes through the FGI since many traders are reflexive and emotional.

Although sentiments cannot be calculated, there are a number of indicators that can be used to gauge investor attitude. A proprietary method is utilized to create the crypto FGI using these 7 indicators. They are as follows:

  • Strength of the stock market
  • Stock price breath
  • The current state of the market
  • Options to buy and sell are known as put and call options.
  • Demand for a safe haven
  • Demand for junk bonds is high.
  • Market turbulence
  • Is it updated on a regular basis?

The crypto FGI’s main goal is to assist traders in making informed financial decisions regarding their trades. This includes favorable entry and exit times, as well as when buying or selling stocks is less hazardous and more profitable. The cryptocurrency FGI is designed to evaluate investor feelings, but it can also provide investors with the insight they need to be successful financially. The cryptocurrency FGI is revised every day as a very instructive and useful tool. It provides daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly information on online trading markets and traders’ attitudes. 

  • What occurs when the cryptocurrency fear and greed index reaches a point of equilibrium?

The crypto FGI ranges from 0-49, 50, and 51 to 100, indicating fear, neutrality, and greed, respectively. When the index returns neutral or almost neutral outcomes, it indicates that traders are making logical trade decisions. When the score is neutral, the marketplace is less volatile.

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Crypto FGI: A Pinch Of Salt

While the Cryptocurrency Fear and Greed Index is a valuable tool for understanding market mood, it’s possible to interpret too much into it on its own.

Notably, Bitcoin’s volatility can cause the Index to fluctuate dramatically but only for a short time.

Let’s say it’s February in the year 2021. Bitcoin fell about 12,000 Dollars in one week, from 57,500 dollars to around 45,100 USD, before surging past 60,000 dollars in the following two weeks. That’s a big decline, but the Crypto Fear and Greed Index plunged from 94 on February 23 to 38 on March 1 – the high end of Extreme Greed.

The Bitcoin FGI peaked at 73 on April 20 and then dropped to 27 on April 26. The plunge into panic didn’t start the spring 2021 meltdown until May 12, when Bitcoin dropped 50 percent of its value and remained there for several months.

How To Use Crypto FGI For Trading?

During a bullish trend, the value of cryptocurrency often rises dramatically. This could be a fantastic time for investors to stock up on coins and cryptocurrencies while the prices are still cheap. The Cryptocurrency Fear & Greed Index is important since it can predict when it’s a good moment to increase your cryptocurrency investments.

When making an investment decision, investors should also examine the market’s overall opinion. This mood can be measured using the Crypto FGI. If the score is in the “greed” stage, the market is most likely to remain bullish. But, if the index enters the “fear” phase, the market is likely to begin to drop.

“It’s the right time to but something when there is blood in the street,” A Billionaire investor said. When you follow Warren Buffett’s renowned investment quote, “Be afraid when others are greedy and greedy when everyone else is fearful,” Similarly this would be the ideal time to get into cryptocurrency.

That viewpoint has merit since when the price is rising, people tend to become greedy, resulting in FOMO. People also frequently sell their cryptocurrency as a result of their unreasonable reaction to seeing red numbers. The FGI, according to its website, aims to eliminate emotional overstatements based on 2 simple assumptions:

  • Extreme fear may indicate that investors are overly concerned. It could be a good time to buy.
  • When investors get overly optimistic, the price is ready for a correction.

That makes perfect sense if you wish to “buy low” and “sell high,” which isn’t the objective of investing in the first place? Another intriguing element of the FGI site is the ability to view past trendlines and observe how they change over time. It’s beneficial to do so and link the movement of the line to specific basic and technical occurrences.

The FGI is helpful, but it’s only one thing to think about. The FGI is a great tool, but it’s simply one piece of information that can assist investors and traders analyze the cryptocurrency markets with a little less emotion and a little more insight during periods of confusion. Nevertheless, all investing models should be taken with a pinch of salt and utilized as a secondary source of information rather than the only basis for purchasing or selling any cryptocurrency.


The Cryptocurrency Fear & Greed Index is a useful tool for evaluating the bitcoin market mood. It can be utilized to determine whether it is a good moment to invest more funds in cryptocurrencies and when it is a suitable idea to sell. The indicator can also be used to determine the market’s overall mood. In short, the Crypto FGI is a valuable criterion for investors who want to know whether it’s the right time to buy or sell an asset.

Mubashar Nawaz (United Arab Emirates)

Mubashar Nawaz is an experienced crypto writer working for Tokenhell. Having passion for writing, he covers news articles from blockchain to cryptocurrency.

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