A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Halving and Forking

Blockchain technology represents a groundbreaking advancement in the financial technology sector, unparalleled by any previous innovation. Central to blockchain networks are the processes of halving and forking, each playing a crucial and sometimes indispensable role.

Distinguishing between halving and forking is straightforward due to their distinct differences. Halving primarily concerns the reduction of mining rewards, whereas forking involves modifications at the blockchain’s programming level. Continue reading to understand the distinctions between halving and forking better.

Halving Explained

Halving refers to the programmed reduction of blockchain mining rewards by half at set intervals. Satoshi Nakamoto first introduced this concept in the creation of the Bitcoin blockchain in 2019. Nowadays, numerous cryptocurrencies undergo halving events according to their specific criteria.

Bitcoin was the pioneer in implementing the halving concept. Its first halving event in 2012 saw mining rewards decrease from 50 BTC to 25 BTC. Having undergone three such events, the current mining reward for Bitcoin stands at 6.25 BTC. The next anticipated Bitcoin halving, projected for April 2024, is expected to reduce mining rewards further to 3.25 BTC.


The primary benefit of halving events lies in their ability to regulate the influx of new cryptocurrency into circulation via mining. By diminishing mining rewards, halving effectively curbs the new supply of cryptocurrency, maintaining overall supply control. This mechanism serves as an ingenious strategy to ensure a finite supply and gradually enhance the value of the cryptocurrency over time.

Understanding Forking

Forking in the blockchain context refers to changing the network’s structure. Blockchain development teams implement forks to enhance the network, akin to how updates improve internet protocols and web browsers. Two main types of cryptocurrency forks are soft forks and hard forks.

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Soft Forks:

Soft forks in a blockchain do not create a new chain by splitting the existing one. Instead, they modify the current network, such as introducing new functionalities. Comparable to software updates for electronic devices, soft forks aim to improve the network’s security, efficiency, or feature set at a programming level.

Hard Forks:

On the other hand, hard forks leave an indelible impact on an existing blockchain network. This fork bifurcates the blockchain into two separate chains, creating a new native cryptocurrency on the new branch. The programming changes in hard forks are more significant than those in soft forks.

Although the source code of the two resulting blockchains originates from the same foundation, they are not interoperable. The original blockchain remains unchanged, while the newly formed blockchain operates under a new set of protocols and pursues a divergent path. Litecoin is an example of a hard fork within the Bitcoin blockchain.

Distinguishing Halving and Forking: Key Differences Explained


The underlying objectives of halving and forking serve as their primary distinction. Halving is implemented to diminish the token supply methodically, aiming for a finite amount. In contrast, forking is initiated for blockchain enhancements or to resolve community divisions.

Halving is strategically employed to cap the token supply, safeguarding the asset’s long-term value against inflation. Forking, however, is unrelated to token quantity. Its purpose is rectifying blockchain issues, integrating new functionalities, or establishing a distinct cryptocurrency.


The execution of halving on blockchains follows a preset schedule. Taking Bitcoin as an example, its creator, Satoshi Nakamoto, incorporated the concept of ‘Bitcoin Halving.’ In Bitcoin’s case, halving occurs approximately every four years or after every 210,000 blocks. Conversely, forks do not adhere to a fixed timetable.

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Similar to Bitcoin, other blockchains also schedule halving events at regular intervals, invariably reducing mining rewards by half. Forks, on the other hand, occur when the developer team and community of a blockchain project concur on modifications, leading to their implementation.

Effect on the Blockchain

The primary effect of a halving event within a blockchain is the reduction of mining rewards by 50%. This significant decrease affects various aspects, such as the profitability and difficulty of mining on that blockchain.

On the other hand, forks induce substantial changes within blockchains. Soft forks maintain continuity in the blockchain while introducing minor modifications. In contrast, hard forks result in the division of the blockchain, thereby birthing a new cryptocurrency on the newly formed chain.


Halving and forking represent two fundamental yet distinct aspects of blockchain technology. Their differences are marked, with halving focused on reducing mining rewards and forking to introduce modifications or resolve disputes within blockchain networks. This overview aims to clarify these differences, enhancing understanding of these key blockchain concepts.

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Curtis Dye

Curtis is a cryptocurrency news and analytics author with a focus on DeFi, BLockchain, CeFi, NFTs etc. He has publication skills such as SEO optimization, Wordpress, Surfer tools and aids his viewers with insights on the volatile crypto industry.

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