Decentralized websites preserve their data through decentralized networks. These websites use blockchain networks, peer-to-peer networks and cryptography to provide a better alternative to traditional centralized websites. In this article, we will learn about decentralized website hosting, its advantages and drawbacks.
Understanding Decentralized Web Hosting
A web server hosts websites by distributing multiple files on a traditional network setup. However, it intervenes with freedom by allowing the governing bodies and larger organizations to censor the data. For this purpose, decentralized website hosting was introduced.
Creators and developers can store their data on multiple nodes or servers instead of a single system. In addition, it ensures that anyone can easily access all data files. Web3 technology now provides security and censorship resistance to content creators, providing them with new means of revenue generation.
Methods to Host a Decentralized Website
It is essential to have a sound understanding of Web3 technologies for developing websites. Hosting a decentralized website requires simple steps to be followed.
Firstly, one has to create website files through Web3 technologies and tools. In addition, he can also use an IPFS system for this purpose. The next step is registering the domain name on the blockchain network using the ENS system. Then, one can store files on the network via Swarm or IPFS. However, to ensure the security of files, they are divided into several parts and stored in different places.
After storing the file, one has to point to the domain name by creating a DNS record. Lastly, the website must be tested to ensure it works correctly.
Working of a Decentralized Website
Web3 websites function differently from centralized websites. The creation of a website is the first step. For this purpose, one has to divide the content into multiple parts. The next step is to register the domain name. Users can then use a Web3 website to access the content files. The nodes then deliver the files safely to the browser of the user.
It is a fast process as the files can be easily fetched from multiple places. In addition, the browser may also use smart contracts for the execution of computer programs. All the content reaches the user’s browser without any involvement of a mediator.
Advantages of Decentralized Web Hosting
Users can enjoy multiple advantages through decentralized web hosting compared to centralized websites. These websites provide more security to the users by spreading the files among multiple nodes. It decreases the risk of hacks as there is no single point to be attacked.
In addition, decentralized web hosting provides a less costly alternative to small businesses where they can own a website at low costs. Most importantly, decentralized web hosting provides the ownership of data to the users.
Drawbacks of Decentralized Web Hosting
In addition to providing several user advantages, decentralized web hosting may offer multiple challenges. Users need proper knowledge and training in operating and running a decentralized website before hosting it. The nodes required to store data on decentralized websites have multiple requirements. Moreover, as decentralized web hosting grows, legal regulations are still developing.
Difference Between Centralized and Decentralized Web Hosting
Several vital factors differentiate decentralized web hosting from centralized one. Centralized hosting provides less control and authority to users than decentralized web hosting. The provider owns the infrastructure in centralized hosting, while decentralized web hosting divides the infrastructure among multiple hosts.
In centralized web hosting, data is concentrated at a single point, providing a single point of failure, whereas as data is dispersed in decentralized web hosting, it offers more security. Decentralized web hosting is more costly than centralized one as it involves more technical tools and specialized infrastructure.
Decentralized web hosting provides users with a safe and decentralized method of storing data through blockchain technology. As it provides increased control over data and information, and more security and reliability, it is widely accepted by users worldwide.
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