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Monetary Policy In Crypto – A Complete Guide (2023) For Beginners

Decentralized protocols usually handle the monetary policy of crypto assets. On the other hand, the central banks and governing bodies control the conventional fiat currencies. The decentralized bodies have several tools for regulating the supply of crypto tools, such as issuance rates, block rewards and changes to mining mechanisms.

In this guide article, we will learn the monetary policy of different cryptocurrencies and the effect caused by different currencies in the monetary policy transmission.

Monetary Policy of Crypto

The mechanism used for the management of supply and circulation of crypto assets constitutes the crypto monetary policy. These procedures ensure that the coin’s value remains sustainable, predictable and stable in the financial market.


The supply cap of Bitcoin is fixed at 21 million coins. The pace of adding new coins in the market continuously declines with time. As the supply approaches zero, it causes a deflationary condition in the market. On the other hand, other mechanisms, such as proof of stake protocol, may be applied by other crypto assets to govern their monetary policy.

Monetary Value of Cryptocurrencies

The supply and demand phenomenon in the market influences the monetary value of any cryptocurrency. If the number of buyers of any crypto asset is more than the number of sellers in the market, it automatically becomes expensive. On the contrary, if the number of sellers surpasses the buyer, the asset price will fall.

In addition, security, utility and adoption are several other factors that cause impact the value of cryptocurrency. The cryptocurrency that is extensively accepted as a means of payment will have a greater worth than the one that cannot be typically utilized. Moreover, cryptocurrencies with more regulatory features will be more in demand than those lacking such security features.  

Effect of Cryptocurrencies on Monetary Policy

The integration of cryptocurrencies widely impacts monetary policy in several ways discussed below.

  • Reduction in money supply control

The decentralization of crypto assets, changing interest rates and unavailability of a regulating entity has a different impact on the value of crypto assets than the traditional currencies. It also impacts the power of central banks on the fiat currencies.

  • New data sources

One can get a better insight into the behaviour of consumers and their increased economic patterns. The inclusion of data in the market mechanism becomes easier for central banks.

  • Enhanced competition

It provides increased competition to the local currencies offering the users an alternate payment method. This also might pressure central banks to keep their currencies competitive and stable. Moreover, banks are also carrying out experiments to eliminate the threats disrupting traditional systems.

  • Increased financial inclusion

It also provides better inclusion and access to traditional enterprises. Moreover, it might also provide investors with a diverse and decentralized financial system.

Monetary Policy of Bitcoin

The protocol rules dictate the creation and distribution of Bitcoin with time. A majority of the users of the network usually approve of these changes. This makes the monetary policy of Bitcoin dependent on its users.

New Bitcoins are created through mining, and the total amount of Bitcoin will always remain at 21 million. Users solve complex mathematical problems to earn Bitcoins as a reward. In addition, after every 21,000 coins, the reward of the mining procedure becomes half. The constant supply of Bitcoin is the main component of its monetary policy.

Effect of Stablecoins on Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism

Several tools are employed in the employment of traditional monetary policy. These tools may include the action of financial institutions, the interest rates affecting the money supply and people’s behaviour. However, stablecoins are not directly affected by these market dynamics, such as adjusting the interest rates. In addition, stablecoins may also affect the demand for traditional currency and impact their monetary policy.


Cryptocurrencies are proving promising in providing investors with a wide range of security and regulatory options. Although it is still growing and being experimented with, it competes intensely with traditional cryptocurrencies.

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Mubashar Nawaz (United Arab Emirates)

Mubashar Nawaz is an experienced crypto writer working for Tokenhell. Having passion for writing, he covers news articles from blockchain to cryptocurrency.

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